A great smile can be a boost of self-confidence and lighten up every room you walk into, but having straight, white teeth is not all there is to it. Taking care of your gums is also important and as the gum-disease is often painless, its symptoms are difficult to spot. Peoples’ biggest concerns are usually being cavity-free and aiming towards the perfect white teeth smile and this distracts them, so they tend to forget about their gum’s health.
Gum disease is ordinarily triggered by a build-up of plaque under and along the line of your gum line. This sticky substance is filled with bacteria that leads to infections that cause damage to both the gum and bone and result in tooth decay and gum disease. The earliest phase of gum disease is called gingivitis. The first signs of gingivitis include your gums become red, swollen, tender, inflamed and prone to bleeding.
Luckily, this type of damage is reversible because it does not affect the tissue and bone which keeps everything in place.
Another, more advanced type of gum disease is periodontists which can damage the gums and the bones that keep your teeth stable and the connecting tissue in between your teeth. If you are not cautious and leave these problems untreated it can move into the last advanced stage of periodontitis. This is a serious issue because your teeth should be removed due to them being unstable as a result of the damaged bone and fiber which supports them.
Moreover, according to the research done by the American Dental Association, the most common signs that point to gum disease are:
– Gums that have gone from your teeth
– Gums that easily bleed
– A constant bad taste and breath in your mouth
– Separating/losing permanent teeth
Fortunately, gum disease can be prevented and cured in its earlier stages, so bellow we give you a few steps which will help you avoid such gum problems.
Preventing gum disease
- Stop smoking cigarettes
Smoking is among the major risk factors. It is a great obstacle because it prevents the treatment’s effects. By quitting smoking you are bettering your chances of avoiding gum disease. Also, try avoiding the combination of cigarettes and alcohol cause the effect is much worse.
- Know if you’re at risk of developing gum disease.
There is a variety of factors that put you at risk of developing gum disease. However, these factors cannot be controlled and are out of your hands. In case you are in any of the following risk groups, be sure to consult your dentist on the matter:
– Family history of gum disease
– Hormonal changes in girls and women
– Medications that lead to a dry mouth
– Immune-affecting diseases
- Know the gum disease symptoms.
Experiencing the following symptoms chronically may indicate certain gum disease and getting checked right away and consult your dentist is an absolute must:
– Tender/bleeding gums
– Constant bad breath
– Sensitive teeth
– Loose teeth
– Receding gums
– Swollen/red gums
- Consult your dentist to prevent the progress of gum disease
Though gingivitis is not considered dangerous, if you fail to act on time, after some time it may progress into a more severe stage like periodontitis. Moreover, if your gums do not feel better after the usual brushing and flossing, the only way to prevent gum disease is either by taking antibiotics or in extreme cases surgery.
- Get professional cleaning once or twice a year
Cleaning away the plaque may be the most efficient way to prevent gum disease. Your dentist is the person you should regularly consult, and it would be of great help if one or two of your appointments is dedicated to cleaning the plaque from your mouth.
Keep your gums clean and healthy
- Stay hydrated
Do not leave your mouth dried out and in desperate need of water. Make sure you drink 4-8oz of water every hour. Keeping the bacteria in your mouth in balance and ensuring the overall health of your oral cavity is “saliva’s job”.
- Brush the teeth for 2 minutes
Brushing your teeth two times a day, At morning and the evening is crucial. It is best to use a soft toothbrush and possibly fluoride toothpaste. Keep track of those two minutes by playing a song or setting a timer if you have to.
- Remember to floss every day
Gum irritants as plaque and food which gets stuck in between your teeth are best removed with flossing. The most important thing you need to pay attention to when flossing is to get every tooth on both sides.
- Use antibacterial mouthwash
The biggest and most common mistake people make is focusing their attention solely on their teeth. This is definitely the wrong approach because your teeth make only 25 percent of your mouth and preventing infections requires to keep your whole mouth clean and healthy. Antibacterial mouthwash can be used a many times a week to ensure your mouth is bacteria-free. However, be sure to avoid brands with alcohol in them because the alcohol can cause a bad reaction and more damage than good.