“Brush your teeth after every meal and every night before you go to bed” is a sentence we hear very often in our youngest years. Our dentists and parents put in the effort, so we can develop a habit to pay attention to our oral hygiene because a poor diet combined with non- regular dental hygiene can results with tooth decay, gum diseases and bad breath.
What are wisdom teeth?
Wisdom teeth, known as the third morals erupt usually in your teenage our young adolescent years. Nowadays, wisdom teeth removal is a standard procedure which makes us wonder why do we have these teeth if it is ideal to have them removed? It is believed that our ancestors used wisdom teeth to chew rough foods as nuts, meat or raw vegetables. However, for today’s point of view wisdom teeth are not a necessity for us because we mostly eat soft foods and cook our meals.
Reasons to remove your wisdom teeth
As we mentioned before dentists commonly suggest that wisdom teeth should be removed, and this is mostly as a preventive measure. Here are some of the most major reasons why oral surgeons and dentists recommend this procedure:
- Hard to clean
Wisdom teeth are far in the back of our mouths which makes them hard to access. Therefor many dentists see a great possibility for infections if wisdom teeth are not properly cleaned.
- May cause crowding
A great number of people nowadays have a crowded mouth, this is mostly due to a low nutrient diet. Moreover, it is no surprise that dentist recommend this type of removal to prevent an even bigger problem.
- May become impacted
Sometimes wisdom teeth do not fully erupt out of our gums because they are blocked by another tooth and the medical term for this is impaction. Food can easily accumulate around impacted wisdom teeth and harbor bacteria. In this case even the tooth next to them is at risk and if not dealt in time it may result as a major infection.
- Easier done on younger people
Owing to roots not have been set in yet and speculations as recovery being faster and easier among young patients, dentists advise to remove the wisdom teeth as soon as they appear.
The problem with wisdom teeth removal
It is widely agreed upon that surgeries should only be done when the risk of not doing it is higher than the risk of doing it. Eventough general and local anesthesia are often used there still is a risk to them. Another thing that we must not forget is that with this “minor everyday procedure” we still bring unnecessary trauma to our body.
Permanent numbness in the lips and tongue or also known as paresthesia a risk you take when you agree to wisdom teeth removal. The risk of paresthesia (worst case scenario) is 6.8 percent and in other cases the risk varies according to the positioning of the teeth.
This condition ranges from mild characterized with tingling or general numbness, to severe characterized with shooting pain.
Risk of cavitation
Cavitation can be the result of other dental procedures, but it is mostly due to extraction. It as a place surrounded by decaying tissue and it is the perfect breeding ground for bacteria.
Studies have shown that 88 percent of patients who had their wisdom teeth removed ended up with cavitation.
Risk of infection and other complications
Cavitation is a major concern mostly because it may be a gateway for bacteria and toxins to the bloodstream which leads to other parts of the body. This proves that the connection of oral and overall health is real and must be taken seriously. Moreover, poor oral health can lead to:
- Poor birth outcome
- Lung conditions
- Heart disease
Another alarming issue is dry socket which happens when the blood clot over the extraction site loosens up and falls early. Consequently, bacteria can easily enter the site and cause an infection and in this case a second surgery will be needed.
Can you keep your wisdom teeth?
Now that we have discussed the risk and complications of extractions follows the most important question “Can we keep our wisdom teeth?”. We have provided you with some answers bellow.
Wisdom teeth do not cause crowding
A study published by the Journal of American Dental Association says that wisdom teeth cannot be the cause of crowding because they are the last to emerge and do not have the force to move a while row of teeth which have already been rooted. Therefore, crowding should not be a reason to go forward with this surgery.
Removal is not e preventive measure
There is no scientific evidence that wisdom teeth removal reduces pathology argues Dr.Friedman in his article published by the medical journal we mentioned above. Wisdom teeth impacted or not cannot be easily infected.
Risk of complications does not increase with age
When you think about it, it is better to remove the wisdom teeth at 24 than at 34. However, this does not refer to all but only to those who have the medical reasons for extraction. On the other hand, let us not forget that the risk of complications is zero for those who don’t have the surgery.
Is wisdom tooth removal safe?
If you or your children have been told you need this surgery, it is always worthwhile to get a second opinion. Consult an oral surgeon or biological dentist with whom you can discuss the benefits and risk of your specific situation.